March 25th, 2013: food production: neolithic revolution. In europe and asia, they adopted the neolithic lifestyle, (when people turned to food production): domestication: an evolutionary process of plants and animals, where their genetic and phenotypic changes are a result of artificial selection by humans. These changes result in the plant or animals becoming dependent on humans to survive and reproduce: cultivation: a part of agriculture where people encourage the growth, reproduction and spread of certain plants. By burning fields, planting seeds in favorable locations etc. These plants may or may not be dependent on humans: agriculture: a specific type of cultivation where humans encourage the growth, spread and reproduction of domesticated plants. We refer to this commonly as farming: domestication is about changes in the plant or animal genotypes and phenotypes, so an evolutionary process. Cultivation and agriculture are about changes in human behaviour, so a cultural process.