C C 301 Midterm: Exam 1 Term identifications

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Citadel: encloses an entire area rather than the specific location of an acropolis. Pithos: approximately 6 ft. in height; used for storage purposes (oil/wine) Upper paleolithic period: 20,000-3000 bce; early stone tools, prior to permanent settlement. Neolithic period: 7000-3000 bce; characterized by plant and animal domestication, settled communities, stone tools, mud-brick houses, anthropomorphic figures, and pottery. Franchthi cave: source of freshwater, human activity beginning around 20,000 bc, settlement/domestication/pottery around 5000 bc. Sesklo: first to settle in europe; houses concentrated in small groups, permanent settlement, communal activity(storage jars/cups/weights/tools) Dimini: first to have multiple fortification walls (strategy), terraces (precursor to acropolis?) act as position of power within community; invasion theory that they defeated the sesklo is unlikely due to evidence of mingling given by their pottery. Lerna: located in the center of the peloponnese; House of tiles: first occurrence of roofing with tiles (lost for 1,500 years after), roof designed to keep rain runoff from side of structure.

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