BESC1433 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Edwin Boring, Intellectual Disability, Crystalised

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23 Dec 2018
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Week 9: intelligence testing: compare major theories of intelligence (based on theorist). First standardised and reasonably valid measures did not appear until 1908: pre-1900. Scant reference to intelligence as a general cognitive ability. Origins of formal intelligence testing: roots in england and france in the early 1900s, early approaches focussed on either psychophysical abilities, or judgmental abilities. Galton: psychophysical approach, used sensorimotor tests but found no consistent links between tests. In france, changing attitudes toward the mentally unwell and the intellectually disabled: mental judgement was regarded as the key to intelligence, his modern approach argued that intelligent behaviour involved direction, 3 themes regarding intelligence: the capacity to learn, the total knowledge a person has acquired ( memory: we only have knowledge if we can retain some memory, successful adaptation to new situations/environment(s) How well do intelligence tests capture the experts" view that intelligence consists of learning from experience and adaptation to the environment.

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