LS227 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Donald Cressey, Edwin Sutherland, Class Conflict

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Criminology: the scientific study of crime and criminals. Edwin sutherland and donald cressey: "criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. Implies that criminologists take a scientific approach to the study of crime. Need to understand crime before we can reduce it. Not all social harms are criminal, not all criminal acts are harmful; must specify which acts are defined as crimes; who should be defined as a criminal. Important to understand social origins of law, and the role that law plays in society. Trends in the occurrence of crime over time. Differences among cities, provinces, and countries in the rates and types of crime. Dimensions of social distribution of crime hep criminologists understand the causes of crime. Criminal acts defined by law in terms of categories: Criminologists conducted extensive research analyzing the patterns of offences. Role played by rules in our lives; how these rules can become formalized law law.

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