March 13, 2013: upper paleolithic/ mid-late stone age, upper paleolithic refers to europe and west asia (at least 40,000ya to 12,000ya). Middle and late stone age refers to africa (much earlier). They were efficient and flexible at what they do, getting the most out of the landscape. South african: mixed diet, including small: started collecting a range of plants and shellfish. In the coastal areas on game, birds, fish. Europe, ate birds, shellfish and other rich foods. (we can"t study the sites as they"re underwater now): page 297-298, tools, technology, blades: made from used core, which involved a lot of preparation, manipulating things using indirect percussion. They used specific stones to make them, knowing which ones were sturdy and hard. Pressure flaking: tools for hunting at a distance: lighter spears which can be thrown long distances, (can be used for war and hunting purposes).