SOC101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Darwin Awards, Group Dynamics, Peer Pressure

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23 Feb 2017
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Primary group: small, enduring, emotional, non transferable, includes a variety of roles (ex. family) Secondary group: large, impersonal, oriented to a goal or activity, is usually unemotional, has specialized roles (ex. classroom) Category: collection of people who are strangers but share status (ex. gender, economic class, religious, ethnicity) First kind is instrumental leadership: gets the job done. Second kind is expressive leadership: asks is everyone feeling ok, is concerned with emotional experience. First style is authoritarian: leader determines policy and assigns task. Second style is democratic: policy and task are set by discussion, agreement and consensus. First is conformity: groups use conformity mostly because of peer pressure to increase cohesion, protect against external threats (ex. mean girls) Second is reference: groups often provide a way of assessing and evaluating ourselves. First type is utilitarian: voluntary membership, operates on means/ends basis, join freely in order to get something, where we get our lively hood (ex. workplace)

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