Study time and motion study job and divide that job and subdivided and time how much it takes to carry out that little subtask. Another idea was extreme specialization to a point where one employee does only one thing. Doing it over and over again makes you specialised in that task. But it can be super boring and way too extreme. Hawthorn studies: there was a clear separation between managers and employees and one best way to do things. It was way too extreme and it"s not working. Human relations are all psychologist and they have a different way of thinking. They realized that treating people as human being and not machine makes them more productive. How you treat people has an impact on productivity. The relatively stable set of psychological characteristics that influences the way an individual interacts with his or her environments and how he or she feels, thinks and behaves.